New Parents' Newborn Care Guide, Every new parent needs support. Sleeping, nursing, crying, and pooping are covered here. For months, you've imagined your baby's appearance, voice, and even feel. If it's your first kid, you'll probably appreciate infant care advice.
Take heart. Many parents have struggled to care for their infants in those thrilling but sometimes difficult early weeks. Learn how to care for your newborn in the first weeks.
Your new baby's initial days and weeks may be a blur. Childbirth may still be healing. You may have mixed feelings during the infant era. Newborns are two months old.
Remember that everyone adjusts to having a baby in these early months. Slowly expose the infant to family and house. Instead of sticking to a timetable, go with the flow during the first several months.
Learn how to prepare and handle life with a baby here.
What do you need to get started with a new baby?
The journey from the hospital to your home with a new baby can go more smoothly if you have a few necessities on hand.
Remove these goods from their box immediately. Read the directions carefully and put the pieces together if that's what it calls for. That way, they'll be prepared for use right away.
Supplies Vital to a Medical Facility
Items like this may be made available to patients by the hospital.
few infant diapers
if you plan on bottle-feeding, samples of formula and a hat and swaddling blanket
A car seat that faces the back of the vehicle must be fitted. Even if you're not going to be driving your newborn baby home from the hospital, American hospitals require that they be transported in a rear-facing car seat.
The following are also recommended:
You should include extra diapers for the infant, clothing to wear at home, a baby blanket, and, if you want to bottle-feed, formula, bottles, and sterilization equipment.
Bringing a breast pump to the hospital is unnecessary. The hospital will provide you with a high-quality pump to use if they recommend that you express breast milk during your stay.
Bring your own pump if you want help getting started with it.
Items necessary for bringing a newborn into the house
Prepare the following for when the baby arrives at home:
- a mattress protector and/or a fitted crib sheet
- uniforms, nightwear, and sleepwear
- Babies' tub
- ultra-plush bath towels
- Baby powder and wet wipes (Obtain miniature tubes of a few distinct
- diaper covers, and two packs of newborn diapers (but don't stock up on a single brand or size, in case the baby outgrows them too quickly or they cause skin irritation).
- mammogram breast pump (if you plan to breastfeed but still want to give your baby a bottle occasionally or pump to build up your milk supply)
- testing several different diaper creams to find your favorite; At the beginning, a soft cloth dampened with merely warm water can do the job and may even be preferred.
- Crib, bassinet, or bedside co-sleeper with a firm sleep surface to see what baby prefers when they are newborn bottles with different nipples to see which one they prefer.
Newborns sleep how much?
- Newborn schedules are unpredictable. Newborns sleep 8–9 hours a day. They can sleep eight more hours at night. But not always.
- Newborns have tiny stomachs. They'll eat every three hours till 3 months old. After a while, they may go longer between feedings.
- Some 4-month-olds sleep through the night. Some will sleep late. Your doctor can best advise you on how frequently to feed your infant at night as they develop.
Should the baby sleep in your room?
- During the first six months, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) encourages room-sharing or sleeping in their parent's bedrooms.
- Kids need their own cot, bassinet, or another sleeping place. This may prevent SIDS (SIDS). Your baby will be nearby, making feeding and comforting simpler.
- Sleeping in the same bed with your infant raises the chance of SIDS or harm, according to the AAP.
- Your infant is safer sleeping on their back. Avoid blankets, pillows, and crib bumpers. Swaddles, sleep sacks, and pajamas are better for nighttime warmth.
Do you need a sleep consultant?
- Under-3-month-olds must eat every several hours. Newborns should not be sleep trained.
- After 4 months, you may employ a sleep specialist. Parents may discuss their baby's sleeping patterns with sleep specialists. They may observe your infant at home.
- Sleep consultants assist you to set a routine. These may assist your infant in self-soothe.
- They'll suggest sleep training for your youngster. When choosing a sleep consultant, make sure you like their technique.
- You don't need a sleep consultant after the baby sleeps through the night. Your pediatrician can help.
- Premature or sick infants should not be sleep trained. Discuss sleep training with your doctor.
Night nurses do what?
Night nurses are familiar. Overnight, a night nurse feeds and diapers your child.
A night nurse may feed, change, and put your nursing infant to sleep. You may pump and have your night nurse feed your baby bottles overnight.
Night nurses cost $25 to several hundred dollars per hour, depending on location and expertise.
How to feed a newborn
Breastfed neonates must be fed every two to three hours or on demand for the first two to four days.
Once your milk production comes in, your infant just needs colostrum.
Your mature milk will arrive after two weeks of transitional milk.
Formula-fed babies require 2–3 ounces (60–90 mL) of each meal beyond the first several days. The first few weeks need feeding every three to four hours.
If your infant sleeps longer than four or five hours, you may need to rouse them to feed in the first two weeks.
Formula-fed and breastfed newborns require 4 ounces (120 mL) every meal at 1 month old. Formula-fed newborns will now eat every four hours. Some breastfed newborns eat every four hours, while some consume more.
Bathing a newborn
Your infant may get their first formal bath in the hospital. Once you bring your infant home, sponge washes them.
Dip a cloth or sponge in warm water and gently wash your baby's head, body, and diaper region. Once the umbilical cord comes off, sponge baths are safer.
Once the umbilical cord comes off, bathe your baby in an infant tub.
How to change a baby’s diaper
Be prepared to change your baby's diaper. Next, do these:
- Put baby on a changing table. High surfaces need safety belts.
- Undress your infant. Untape and leave the dirty diaper. To reach the baby's diaper, fold the diaper front down.
- Wet wipe or moist washcloth the diaper region front to back and in skin folds.
- Lift the baby's legs and remove the dirty diaper. Tape side down.
- Diaper cream or lotion if required.
- Secure and tape the diaper through your baby's legs. To avoid tightness, leave two fingers between the infant and the diaper. Before tying the diaper, gently push your baby's penis toward its legs. This prevents urine leakage.
- Discard old diapers, clothe the baby, and wash hands.
Change baby's diaper how often?
Your infant will pass meconium during the first few days of life. Black, sticky tar.
By day three, their stool will be runnier and lighter.
Breastfeeding or formula feeding affects diaper changes.
Breastfed newborns have many bowel motions daily. Fewer formula-fed newborns.
Either way, you’ll want to change your baby’s diaper every two to three hours.
If the diaper is soaked with pee, don't wake up your sleeping infant to change it. Nonetheless, change the infant quickly after any bowel movements to prevent discomfort.
When you smell or feel a bowel movement, change your baby's diaper.
To assess whether the diaper is moist, place one hand on the diaper to feel if it’s damp. Some wet diapers change color.
Newborn first aid: supplies and how
Have an infant first aid kit in your house for convenient access. Your first aid kit should contain:
- nose aspirator medication dropper
- baby nail clipper baby comb infant acetaminophen (contact a doctor beforehand)
- cotton balls emergency information, including your baby's doctor, local emergency facility, and poison control number
- Online kits with most of these things are available.
Before your baby is born, take an infant CPR and basic first aid class. Even if you attended a class before having a kid, reenroll.
Find a community center or hospital class. OB-GYNs may also advise.
Learn emergency signals in class. If you detect the following, call 911 immediately
Your infant can't breathe. Symptoms of newborn breathing problems include:
- flaring nostrils going blue and grunting while attempting to breathe
- Your infant vomits blood.
- Your baby is seizing.
- Your baby's rectal temperature exceeds 100.4°F (38°C).
Moreover, neonates face a variety of other medical issues.
If you detect any of the following in your infant, please contact your pediatrician:
Constantly throwing up or having diarrhea Refusing to eat for many feedings in a row Having a cold that doesn't go better or grows worse Dehydration (not wetting diapers, sunken soft spot, jaundice) (a yellow color to the skin and the whites of the eyes)
If you're worried about your child's health or have seen any changes you don't understand, it's important to consult your physician.
Flying with a newborn: when?
Newborns' immune systems are too weak to fly.
Traveling with a newborn is sometimes required. Air travel may be necessary for adoption or family emergencies.
Use hand sanitizer on your infant before flying. Sit away from sick people.
Several airlines demand a doctor's letter for 1-month-olds. Verify prerequisites before flying. Discuss flying with your pediatrician.
How to play with a newborn
Your infant may just want to sleep and feed for the first several months. Your child's brain is growing quickly.
Newborns understand their parents' voices. Read to them frequently. They also like faces.
Introduce them in the first few months:
- wrist rattles
- calming noises, textured toys, unbreakable crib mirrors
- Your infant won't remember playing with you, but they're acquiring vital skills like connecting with you and the surroundings.
Discuss your baby's growth with its doctor.
Newborns: 10 fascinating facts
Meet your newborn! 10 fascinating neonatal facts:
- At about 3 months, babies can see. Nearsighted newborns may see nearby things. They cannot perceive distant things.
- Preborn babies can hear. They'll know mom's voice immediately.
- Expect a grin later. Newborns seldom grin or coo until 6 weeks.
- Newborns have blue or gray eyes that may deepen. They should have permanent eye color in 1 year.
- Babies may be hairless or hairy. Your newborn will grow hair.
- Infants have more bones (around 300 vs. 206 for adults). Certain bones merge during growth.
- Newborns don't cry until 3 weeks. Until then, their tear ducts just moisten their eyes.
- Infants have soft areas on their skulls to fit into the birth canal. Change your baby's sleeping position to avoid flat patches. Turn their head right on even days and left on odd days.
- Playing on their tummies strengthens their heads and stomachs. They may first simply lie on their belly for a few seconds or minutes. That will weaken them as they become stronger.
- It's impossible to spoil a baby. You must pacify them because they can't yet.
FAQ: What New Parents Need to Know About Taking Care of a Newborn
Q. What are the 5 initial steps of newborn care?
The 5 initial steps include the following: provide warmth, dry, stimulate, position the head and neck to open the airway, and clear secretions from the airway if needed.
Q. What are the priority concerns in the care of a newborn?
With every newborn contact, respiratory evaluation is necessary because this is the highest priority in newborn care. The Silverman and Andersen index can assess respiratory distress and its varying degrees.
Q. What is the hardest phase of a newborn?
Most people find the first six to eight weeks to be the hardest with a new baby, and whilst people may not openly discuss many of the challenges in these early weeks of parenthood (if at all), there are a number of common hurdles you may face at this time.
Q. What are 5 things parents should do to their babies every day?
Reading to your children, providing computer playtime, helping them with their homework, being an encouragement, and talking to them each day are a few things you can do to give your children a better start in life.
Parenting a baby may be demanding and exhausting. Nonetheless, make an effort to enjoy this time with your new family member.
Use your assistance at hectic times. While you recuperate from delivery and catch up on sleep, ask for assistance around the home and with your other kids.
The pediatrician should be consulted if there are concerns regarding a newborn's growth and development. Discuss your newborn's growth with their doctor.